DeSoto County Historical Society P.O. Box 1824, Arcadia, FL 34265 
Bibliography of Information about Pine Level  compiled by Carol Mahler

Adams, Mrs. C. E., “The Pine Level United Methodist Church (Near Arcadia, Florida)”. In The Pioneer Churches of Florida, pp. 15. Published for the Daughters of the American Revolution, The Mickler House Publishers, Chuluota, Florida, 1976.

Andrews, Allen H., A Yank Pioneer in Florida: Recounting the Adventures of a City Chap Who Came to the Wilds of South Florida in the 1890’s and Remained to Grow Up With the Country. Douglas Printing Company, Jacksonville, 1950.

Bartholf, John F., “Letter to Dennis Eagan, Commissioner of Lands and Immigration, Tallahassee, October 18, 1874.” Edited by Spessard Stone.

--, “Pine Level, Florida.” Oration delivered at a meeting of the citizens of Pine
Level, July 4th, 1876. Manuscript on file, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1876. also in D. B. McKay’s “Pioneer Florida”. Tampa Tribune. January 17, 1960.

--, “Pine Level, Manatee County.” Semi-Tropical Monthly. March, 1876:153-154.

Bartholf, John F., and F. C. M. Boggess, South Florida, The Italy of America. It’s Climate Soil and Productions. How to Get There, Cost of Land, and Expense of Making a Home and Planting a Grove of Fruit Trees; Profits of Farm and Vegetable Culture; Raising of Cattle, Horses, Hogs and Sheep, &c., &c. Ashmead Brothers, Jacksonville, Florida, 1881. (E-book available at

Boggess, F. C. M, “Manatee County, Florida.” Article published in Fort Myers Weekly News of January 24, 1885. Edited by Spessard Stone. http://

Brown, Canter, Jr., Florida’s Peace River Frontier. University of Central Florida Press, Orlando, 1991.

Budweiser beer bottle of 1870s, photograph of:

DeVane, Albert. “Pine Level Was Thiving County Seat in 1870s Until Town Was Moved Out of Manatee County.” in “Pioneer Florida” by D B. McKay. Tampa Tribune, March 31, 1957.

The Florida Gazetteer, 1871. Full text online at “Manatee County, 1871” and “Pine Level, 1871.”

Futch, Jana. “Historical Archaeology of the Pine Level Site (8DE14), DeSoto County, Florida” M.A. Thesis, 2011, University of South Florida. Available online at

Herringshaw’s Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century, edited and compiled by Thomas William Herringshaw. Chicago: American Publishers’ Association, 1904, p. 193: “CARLTON, ELAM B., lawyer, jurist, was born April 3, 1864, in South Florida. For three years he was editor of the Pine Level Times, and for two years of the DeSoto County Times. During 1890-92 he was county attorney; and in 1892-94 was judge of the county court at Arcadia, Fla.”

Howard, Jarvis, “Journal of Howard Jarvis.”

Johnson, Robert E., and Raymond F. Willis. AMAX Pine Level Survey: An Archaeological and Historical Survey of Properties. Environment Science and Engineering, Inc. Submitted to AMAX Chemical Corporation, Gainesville, Florida. On file at the Florida Master Site File, Divisionof Historical Resources, Tallahassee, 1980.

Lastinger, Leo A., “Pine Level Memories.” Tampa Tribune. July 5, 1959.

Livingston, Richard. South Florida Pioneers magazine. “F. B. Hagan.” SFP 9.

“E. E. Mizell” SFP 3 “Pine Level Plat, SFP 4

Matthews, Janet Snyder. Edge of Wilderness: A Settlement History of Manatee County and Sarasota Bay 1528-1885. Caprine Press, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1983.

McDuffee, Lillie B. The Lures of Manatee County: A True Story of South Florida’s Glamourous Past. Foote & Davies, Inc. Atlanta, 1961.

Melton, George Howard. Foot Prints & Landmarks: Arcadia and DeSoto County Florida. Self- published, Arcadia, Florida, 2002.

Powell, Mary Mizell. “History of Pine Level.” written on the occassion of the centennial anniversary of the Pine Level United Methodist Church (1868-1968).

Newlands, Benjamin E. R. Letters about Pine Level, 1893. Facsimiles and transcripts in Appendix A, pp. 278-281, in Futch, above.

“The Pine Level Times, Pine Level, Manatee Co., Fla. Published every Thursday. T. Stanford, Publisher. Oscar T. Stanford, Editor and Proprietor. Terms, $1.50 Per year. An eight-page newspaper, devoted to local and State interests. The TIMES commends itself particular to advertisers who desire to reach this section of the country.”--listed in the American Newspaper Directory, 1886.

The South Publishing Company’s Florida State Gazetteer and Business Directory: 1886-1887.

“Manatee County 1886” and “Pine Level 1886”. Full text online at

Stone, Spessard. Genealogy and History by Spessard Stone. Electronic documents:
Captain James D. Green - Green.html
Captain John Francis Bartholf - ~crackerbarrel/Bartholf2.html
Francis B. Hagan: A Tribute - ~crackerbarrel/Hagan.html
Pine Level, Florida in 1878 - ~crackerbarrel/Pine.html

Uebelhoer, Gary. “A History of Old Pine Level, DeSoto County, Florida.” Two-sided broadsheet dited by George Lane, Jr., editor of the DeSoto County Times. Circa 1982.

Warnke, James R. Ghost Towns of Florida. Star Publishing Company, Boynton Beach, Florida, 1971.

Wilson, Luke. “Pine Level Was Once a Roaring Frontier Town.” DeSoto County Times. November 16, 1986.

Windhorn, Stan, “Fights Were Nightly Events: Sole Pine Level Survivor Recalls.” Sarasota Herald-Tribune. August 12, 1956.

--, “The Rise and Fall of Pine Level, Fla.” Florida Accent magazine. November 12, 1966.